Periodic Table of Elements




Vanadium was discovered by Andrs Manuel del Rio, a Mexican chemist, in 1801.

Name: Vanadium
Symbol: V
Atomic number: 23
Atomic weight: 50.942
State: solid
Group, period, block: 5, 4, d
Color: blue-silver-grey metal
Classification: transition metal
Electron configuration: 3d2 4s2

Physical properties

Density: 6.0 g/cm-3
Melting point: 2183 K, 1910 C, 3470 F
Boiling point: 3680 K, 3407 C, 6165 F

Atomic properties

Oxidation states: 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1
Electronegativity: 1.63 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies: 1st: 650.9 kJmol-1
Covalent radius: 1538 pm
Van der Waals radius: no data
  • V
  • Electron Configuration


There are two naturally occurring isotopes of vanadium exist. They are 50V, and 51V.
51V is more common and it makes up about 99.75 percent of all vanadium found in nature.